Ethical Standards Policy


IAHS encourages writers to follow the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki revised in 2013 and CIOMS both provide ethical guidelines for medical research involving human subjects. Every research paper that is submitted for publication that involves human subjects must state that, prior to conducting fieldwork, the study received ethical clearance from a recognised national organization, such as an institutional review board or a research ethics committee. It is assumed that research using animals would adhere to the applicable ethical research guidelines. If ethical approval was deemed unnecessary, a statement outlining the rationale behind the decision must be given. In any event, writers must adhere to all guidelines for the moral conduct of their studies, the reporting of their conclusions, and the writing of their manuscripts.



The confidentiality of participants should be preserved when preparing manuscripts. When using any personal or medical information that might be used to identify a participant, authors are obligated to have the individual's express agreement. They also have a responsibility to treat participants with decency and respect in their manuscripts. Patient consent should be written and archived with the journal, the authors, or both, as dictated by local regulations or laws.


IAHS mandates that writers disclose any conflicting interests in full. When an author's institutional, familial, or personal interests (money, connections, sources of income, etc.) might influence the study, its conclusions, or the manuscript's publication, it could be considered a competing interest. A reported conflicting interest will not be the only reason a paper is rejected by IAHS; rather, it will be taken into account while evaluating the work and, if deemed pertinent, included in the final publication.



Who supplied funding for the research and/or article preparation; additionally, please provide a brief explanation of the sponsor(s), if any, and their involvement in the study design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, report writing, and decision to submit the article for publication. It is advised to mention whether the financing source(s) had no such engagement.



The author must confirm that the study described has been conducted in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki, the World Medical Association's code of ethics for human experimentation, if the work involves the use of human beings. The article must adhere to the guidelines set forth in the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals.



Scientific misconduct in research and non-research publications includes data fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. It is essential for editors to initiate procedures, inform institutions and funders, and publish an expression of concern pending the outcome of those procedures. If an investigation at the author's institution results in scientific misconduct, the editor may publish a retraction of the article.

Expressions of concern and retractions should be prominently labeled, appear on an electronic or numbered print page, and include the title of the original article. Retracted articles should remain in the public domain and be clearly labeled as retracted. Editors may ask the author's institution to assure them of the validity of previous work or retract it if it is uncertain. Inappropriate methodology can compromise the integrity of research and lead to retraction.


If excerpts from copyrighted works owned by third parties are included, credit must be shown in the contribution. It is your responsibility to also obtain written permission for reproduction from the copyright owners. 

The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining written permission to reproduce the material "in print and other media" from the publisher of the original source, and for supplying journal with that permission upon submission.


For all articles published in IAHS, copyright is retained by the journal. Articles are licensed under an open access Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license, meaning that anyone may download and read the paper for free. In addition, the article may be reused and quoted provided that the original published version is cited. These conditions allow for maximum use and exposure of the work, while ensuring that the authors receive proper credit.

In exceptional circumstances articles may be licensed differently. If you have specific condition (such as one linked to funding) that does not allow this license, please mention this to the editorial office of the journal at submission. Exceptions will be granted at the discretion of the publisher.



  • Upon acceptance, your article will be exported to Production to undergo typesetting. Once typesetting is complete, you will receive a link asking you to confirm your affiliation, choose the publishing model for your article as well as arrange rights and payment of any associated publication cost.
  • Once you have completed this, your article will be processed and you will receive the proofs.